Penn Study on Mechanical and Manual CPR with JEMS Highlights
Previous research has questioned the effectiveness of mechanical CPR, citing concerns about costs, and the time it takes to apply the device. Other studies have suggested that while there is some low-quality evidence showing that mechanical CPR can improve consistency of chest compressions, evidence showing the effect on survival rates and neurological outcomes is lacking.
Mechanical CPR, in which a device is used by Emergency Medical Service (EMS) providers to deliver automated chest compressions during cardiac arrest resuscitation care, is associated with an equivalent survival rate for patients experiencing cardiac arrest outside of the hospital as manual CPR, according to new findings from a team of researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The study is the first large scale, real-world proof that mechanical CPR may be an equivalent alternative to manual CPR for treating patients experiencing extensive cardiac arrest episodes and requiring advanced life support services. The results are being presented during the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions.
Emergency Medicine Physicians Focus on EMS Issues and Products at Annual Meeting
The 2015 American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Scientific Assembly attracted thousands of emergency medicine physicians and practitioners from around the globe. This year's assembly was held in Boston and as expected, many of the education topics and meetings were focused on EMS-related issues.
Naloxone Intranasal or Auto-Injector; Which is Better?
A group of investigators, funded by the makers of a naloxone auto-injector, compared the time of administration of naloxone intranasal versus naloxone auto-injector, as well as completion of critical tasks related to administration. In phase 1 the 42 study participants needed to administer naloxone to a simulated patient with no instruction. In phase 2 the same participants received training on intranasal and auto-injector naloxone administration before administering to a simulated patient. In phase 3 the participants completed another naloxone administration simulation with no additional training.
Naloxone is the antidote for opioid overdose. Naloxone can be administered through intravenous, intranasal, subcutaneous, intramuscular, nebulizer and endotracheal routes. The administration route depends on the scope, training and authorization of the person administering naloxone. Laypeople generally have two choices for naloxone administration; intranasal or intramuscular.
AHA CPR Guidelines: What the 2015 PALS Updates Mean for EMS Providers
The 2015 American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) made several new changes for pediatric care associated with resuscitation from cardiac arrest. In deciding what topics needed evidence review for the newest guidelines, the Pediatric ILCOR Task Force reviewed topics from the 2010 guidelines, and developed three BLS-related and 18 ALS-related questions. For topics not chosen, the recommendations made in 2010 remain in place.
2016 National EMS Weekend of Honor Announced
WASHINGTON - The National EMS Memorial Service, the National EMS Memorial Foundation and the National EMS Memorial Bike Ride announce that the 2016 National EMS Weekend of Honor will take place the third weekend in May, coinciding with the conclusion of EMS Week.
The weekend features multiple events to honor the nation’s EMS providers, particularly those who have died in the line of duty.
NAEMT Calls for EMS Inclusion in National Emergency Response Network
CLINTON, Miss. - The NAEMT board issued a position statement calling for EMS to be included in the national emergency response network.
The statement specifically calls for:
- Inclusion and integration of EMS as a primary partner in all aspects of preparedness planning.
- Equitable and stable funding comparable to other partners within the emergency response network.
- Resources and training opportunities that are accessible to all EMS providers.
NAEMT says including and funding EMS disaster preparedness will help eliminate gaps in the nation's emergency response network, which may delay, deter or disrupt medical care delivery. Currently, EMS receives 4 percent of federal disaster preparedness funds.
New Ambulance Design Standard to Make Ambulances Safer
GAITHERSBURG, Md. - The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), together with two federal partners, has updated the standard for ambulance design with the intent to make riding in an ambulance safer.
To maximize safety without compromising effectiveness, NIST, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate(DHS S&T), and the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) developed design guidelines for ambulance patient compartments after extensive research and development.